Skin self-examination


What is the skin self-examination?

It is a simple method to detect early skin cancer, including melanoma. If diagnosed and treated when the tumor has not deeply invaded the skin, skin cancer can be cured.

When doing?

When doing self-examination regularly, you will become familiar with the normal surface of your skin. It is useful to note the dates and appearance of the skin on each exam.

What to Look For?

• Stains pruritic (itchy), scaly or bleed
• Signs or moles that change size, shape or color
• Wounds that do not heal within 4 weeks

It should be borne in mind the ABCD transformation of a pint in melanoma, as described below:
• Asymmetry - one half unlike the other
• irregular Borders - ill-defined
• variable Color - the same injury in a variety of colors: black, brown, white, red or blue
• Diameter - larger than 6 mm

How to do?

1) In front of a mirror, with arms raised, examine your body front, back and right and left sides;
2) Bend your elbows and look carefully at the hands, forearms, upper arms and armpits;
3) Examine the parts of the front, back and sides of the legs as well as the genitals;
4) Sitting, carefully examine the plant and the balls of your feet as well as between the toes;
5) With the aid of a hand mirror and a brush or dryer, examine the scalp, neck and ears;
6) Finally, even with the aid of hand mirror, examine the back and buttocks.


If you find any difference or change, seek medical advice. Avoid the sun from 10am to 16h and always use sunscreen with protection factor 15 or higher, and hats, umbrellas and sunglasses.

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