Questions and Answers About Hemophilia

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Hemophilia is a blood clotting disorder. For example: If you cut any part of our body and begins to bleed, proteins (which are responsible for the growth and development of all tissues of the body) into action to stop the bleeding. This process is called coagulation. People with hemophilia do not have these proteins and therefore bleed more than normal.
There are several blood clotting factors, which act in a sequence determined. At the end of this sequence is formed the clot and the bleeding is stopped. In a person with hemophilia, one of these factors does not work. Thus, the clot is not formed and the bleeding continues.



Types of Hemophilia

Hemophilia is classified as Type A and B. People with hemophilia A are deficient in factor VIII (eight). But people with hemophilia type B are deficient in factor IX. Bleeds are the same in both types, but the severity of bleeding depends on the amount of factor present in plasma (the fluid that accounts for 55% of the total blood volume).

Transmission

Hemophilia is a genetic disease, ie, is transmitted from parents to children until the child is generated.
The human body develops from a single cell. This cell is formed by the union of the sperm of the father and the mother’s egg. Each has a nucleus with 23 pairs of chromosomes that come together and give rise to 23 pairs of chromosomes that contain all information necessary for the formation of a person, such as hair type, eye color, etc.. Each chromosome consists of a set of genes. If only one of these genes exhibits a distinct change, will also be a change in the child being generated.

Time of Hemophilia

The amount of factor VIII (eight) or indeed IX (nine) in the blood, usually remains the same throughout life. In adulthood the hemorrhages are less frequent, since physical activity tend to decline with age and therefore the small traumas (bumps) everyday, also decrease.

Bleeding

Usually, the bleeding is internal, or inside your body in places that you can not see, as in the muscles. They can also be external to the skin caused by any injuries appearing bruises or bleeding. The mucous membranes (such as the nose, gums, etc..) May also bleed.
Bleeding can occur either after a trauma or no apparent reason.
The cuts in the skin take longer to stop the bleeding.

Treatment

Treatment is with replacement intra venal (vein) of the deficient factor.
But the treatment is complete, the patient must take medication regularly and never use not recommended by doctors.

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