Testicular Cancer: Be Aware Of It


Testicular cancer is cancer that forms in tissues of the testis (one of two egg-shaped glands inside the scrotum that make sperm and male hormones). The testes Saouma part of the male reproductive system. This type of cancer is more common among men, 15-40 years, particularly those in the second decade of life. Two main types of testicular cancer are seminomas (cancers that grow slowly and are sensitive to radiation) and nonseminoma (different types of cells that grow more quickly than seminomas). The risk of a man acquiring testicular cancer during her lifetime is 0.4%.

What are the symptoms of testicular cancer?

The most common symptom, more than 90% of patients is a painless lump or mass in the testicle. Often patients may also notice a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum or lower abdominal pain. Also common is the extension of escrotp swelling or testicular cancer patients. But some patients with testicular cancer have no symptoms at all, especially early on. The cancer may be found incidentally during routine physical examinations, tests such as ultrasound or biopsy for the diagnosis of infertility.

It should also be noted that even with metastatic disease (when the cancer has spread to other organs), only about 25% of patients may experience symptoms related to metastasis prior to diagnosis. And the most common place for the disease is spread to lymph nodes at the back of the abdomen. It is therefore especially important to take note of frequent back pain, as this is a common symptom of testicular cancer in advanced stage. So if the cancer has spread to the lungs, cough, chest pain, and / or shortness of breath may occur. Hemoptysis (sputum with blood) can also develop. Here is a summary of the main symptoms:

  • A pain in the lower abdomen, back, or groin.
  • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum.
  • Discomfort or pain in one testicle or scrotum.
  • Enlargement or tenderness of breasts.
  • A lump or mass in either testicle.
  • Any expansion or enlargement of a testicle.
  • A collection of fluid in the scrotum.

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  1. One Response to “Testicular Cancer: Be Aware Of It”

  2. By Katelyn Namonkre on Dec 14, 2011 | Reply

    Some of the common symptoms of this cancer are severe headache, redness of eyes, fever, cough, shortening of breath, blood vomiting and stomach ache.

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